What is a bow drill and why is its usage vital in survival training?
It’s estimated that this ancient method of making fire dates back to approximately 2,500 years ago. Though each ancient tradition has its own account of the story, the principles sounding this technique remains the same.
In this piece of the write-up, I will be issuing out some professional tips on how to use the bow drill to generate an impromptu fire without the use of lighter or matches. Genuine survivors do know how to create fire – this skill is a vital skill that should be acquired by everyone.
What are the right techniques for using a bow drill?
1. Make use of flawless Wood while setting your Bow Drill. If this is your first time of setting up a bow drill, then it would be ideal to stick to woods that produce a tremendous amount of coal when combusted.
Examples of such types of woods are white cedars, basswood, firs and lots more.
Desist from using woods from trees that produce toxic fumes when combusted for instance the oleander tree.
In addition to that, avoid the use of woods that have already been coated with paint, varnish, and other types of chemicals as they will undoubtedly emit toxins once combusted.
You can make use of broken chairs if woods aren’t within your reach. But in doing so, ensure your food is way above the flames to lower toxin contamination emitted from the wood.
2. Hold the Bow Firmly – Use your inactive hand to saw the bow back and forth. The hand isn’t of importance as both righties and lefties can adequately handle bow drills. Ensure you make use of the socket to regulate the angle of the spindle.
Wondering what the spindle is? Well, it is that branch of the bow drill that rubs against the board in a bid to generate fire. Get acquainted with how to maneuver the angle of the spindle with your socket. Avoid coming in contact with the spindle while sawing it back and forth.
3. Place the Spindle Accurately –Ensure the socket is on top of the spindle, with the flat board adequately marked before commencing. The precise spot to drill should be an inch from the edge of the long side of the flat board, in order to have adequate working space.
Similarly, your offset should be at a point opposite the short edge of the flat board to enable you to easily place your foot on the alternating edge in order to stabilize the board.
Make use of sharp carving piece of the knife to mark off your starting point before commencing with the drill. It would undoubtedly be a tasking job drilling on a flat surface, therefore, endeavors to create a shallow hole on the specific spot you intend drilling, before placing the spindle over it.
4. Protect the Rope While Drilling –
The rope firmly clinched to your bow drill can be easily weakened if it keeps rasping against itself. A proper technique would be to drill downward at an angle likely to create space between the ropes twirls in order to prevent friction between the various points of the rope while drilling.
5. Administer Adequate Pressure and Tension–Kindly note that setting up a bow drill requires lots of patience, but if you make use of the right procedures, your wooden bow drill will undoubtedly be an effective fire-starter. One of the major mistakes people make while setting up this fire starter is their inability to apply sufficient pressure and strength on the spindle.
While pulling the rope, push down the spindle using the socket, in such a way that the spindle feels like it’s going to fly against the bow handle.
Make sure the spindle is pressed firmly against the flat board while sawing back and forth.
The additional tension on the rope will guarantee that every move is maximized with the vertical position maintained. Do not allow your rope to slack as it could lead your spindle into sliding sideways.
Before administering tension to the spindle, ensure your rope is correctly attached to the bow to prevent any form of accident. Both ends of the rope should be adequately attached together in order to keep up with stability.
6. Watch the Smoke –If you have been following up with the right techniques, then within a couple of minutes, you should see some smoke forming on both sides of your spindle.
If you notice that your spindle is emitting smoke particles from the socket side, slightly turn the spindle in such a way that the top end presses against the flat board. Apply some lubricants to prevent it restrain it from combusting.